There are five language registers or
styles. Each level has an appropriate use that is determined by
differing situations. It would certainly be inappropriate to use
language and vocabulary reserve for a boyfriend or girlfriend when
speaking in the classroom. Thus the appropriate language register
depends upon the audience (who), the topic (what), purpose (why) and
You must control the use of language registers in order to enjoy success in every aspect and situation you encounter.
1. Static Register
style of communications RARELY or NEVER changes. It is “frozen” in time
and content. e.g. the Pledge of Allegiance, the Lord’s Prayer, the
Preamble to the US Constitution, the Alma Mater, a bibliographic
reference, laws .
2. Formal Register
language is used in formal settings and is one-way in nature. This use
of language usually follows a commonly accepted format. It is usually
impersonal and formal. A common format for this register are speeches.
e.g. sermons, rhetorical statements and questions, speeches,
pronouncements made by judges, announcements.
is a standard form of communications. Users engage in a mutually
accepted structure of communications. It is formal and societal
expectations accompany the users of this speech. It is professional
discourse. e.g. when strangers meet, communications between a superior
and a subordinate, doctor & patient, lawyer & client, lawyer
& judge, teacher & student, counselor & client,
4. Casual Register
is informal language used by peers and friends. Slang, vulgarities and
colloquialisms are normal. This is “group” language. One must be member
to engage in this register. e.g. buddies, teammates, chats and emails,
and blogs, and letters to friends.
5. Intimate Register
communications is private. It is reserved for close family members or
intimate people. e.g. husband & wife, boyfriend & girlfriend,
siblings, parent & children